Kofi Annan Biography
Kofi Annan Biography
Kofi Annan, the former secretary-general of the United Nations was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in December of 2001 and the reason for the award was their work for a better organized and more peaceful world. Kofi Annan was born on April 8, 1938, in Ghana. in 1962 he joined United Nations as an international civil servant. After the end of secretary-general term, he was nominated special envoy to Syria. On August 18, 2018, Annan died in Switzerland at the age of 80.
Early Life(Kofi Annan Biography)
Kofi Atta Annan has twin sister Efua Atta and she was a minute elder to him. was born within minutes of his twin sister. Annan joined, Methodist boarding school and had learned “suffering anywhere concerns people everywhere.” To pursue his higher education he had joined Kumasi College of Science and Technology, Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota; Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland; and the MIT Sloan School of Management in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He had completed many degrees courses among then was Master of Science, and studied international relations. Including his native language Akan, he is also very fluent in English, French and other African languages.
Birth of a Career (Kofi Annan Biography)
Annan joins United Nations in 1962 and his response was the job of budget officer for the World Health Organization as a U.N. agency. Annan has been an international civil servant except from 1974 to 1976. For this short period, he worked as the director of tourism in Ghana. Annan was appointed to serve as an assistant secretary-general from 1987 to 1996, together with that post he was also deputed for Human Resources, Management, and Security Coordinator; Program Planning, Budget and Finance, and Controller; and Peacekeeping Operations. Additionally, from March 1994 to October 1995 Annan was under-secretary- general and later He resumed the position in 1996 after a five-month appointment to serve as a special representative of the secretary-general to the former Yugoslavia.
United Nations Chief (Kofi Annan Biography)
Annan started to work as secretary-general of the united nation on January 1, 1997. He replaced Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt. The United Nations Security Council recommended Annan to replace Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali in 1996.
Annan’s greatest well-known activities were his issuance of a five-point Call to Action in April 2001 to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic and his plan to create a Global AIDS and Health Fund. For this, He and the United Nations were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in December 2001
Annan is also well-known for his disagreement regarding the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and to Iran’s nuclear program. In September 2004, He said to the BBC that the Iraq war was not conformed to the U.N. charter and was unlawful.
Life after the United Nations (Kofi Annan Biography)
On December 31, 2006, Annan retired from the secretary-general of a united nation. In his farewell speech to world leaders at U.N. in New York, he outlines major problems of the unjust world economy and widespread contempt for human rights. He has stated in his speech that “We are not only all responsible for each other’s security and We are also, in some measure, responsible for each other’s welfare. Global solidarity is both necessary and possible.”
Annan returned to his country Ghana after his retirement. He retired from the UN secretary general post but he did not retire himself in doing social works for the benefit of people. He involves in numerous organizations with a global focus.
He was selected to lead the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa. He was one of the members of the Global Elders and in Geneva, he was selected the president of the Global Humanitarian Forum. Annan joined Columbia University in 2009 in a program of university’s School of International and Public Affairs.
Annan was chosen the U.N.-Arab League envoy to Syria in February 2012 to resolve the civil war. He proposed a six-point strategy for peace, However, He regime from the post, because he was not being able to solve the issue of the conflict between the government and the rebels. He had quoted in his resignation that “As an envoy, I can’t want peace more than the protagonists, more than the Security Council or the international community, for that matter,” Annan resignation speech on August 2, 2012.
“I had expected to go into Ghanaian politics,” Annan once told Saga magazine, “retire to a farm at 60 and die in my bed at 80. It did not happen so. It’s one of the things God does.”
Death (Kofi Annan Biography)
On August 18, 2018, Kofi Atta Annan died in Bern, Switzerland due to short illness in a hospital at the age of 80. At the time of his death his wife Nane and children Ama, Kojo and Nina were present by his side. The statement of Kofi Annan Foundation and Annan family regarding Annan is that “Kofi Annan was a global statesman and a deeply committed internationalist who fought throughout his life for a fairer and more peaceful world. On his death Leaders around the world reacted to Kofi Annan’s death and have given their condolence message.